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Kings of the North and Kings of the South Appendix

Dates The Kings of the South Events The Kings of the North
323 B.C. Ptolemy I (Soter) Seleucus I (Nicator)
284 B.C. Ptolemy II (Philadelphus)
280 B.C. Antiochus I (Soter)
261 B.C. Antiochus II (Theus)
252 B.C. Marriage of Bernice and Antiochus II (11:6)
246 B.C. Ptolemy III (Euergetes) (11:7-8) Seleucus II (Callinicus)
240 B.C. Seleucus II unsuccessfully invades Egypt (11:9)
226 B.C. Seleucus III (Ceraunus)
225 B.C. Antiochus III The Great
221 B.C. Ptolemy IV (Philopator)
217 B.C. The Battle of Raphia (11:11)
204 B.C. Ptolemy V (Epiphanes)
198 B.C. The Battle of Paneas (11:13-16)
197 B.C. Cleopatra I marries Ptolemy V (11:17)
191 B.C. Rome defeats Antiochus III at Thermopylae (11:18)
187 B.C. Seleucus IV Philopator
180 B.C. Ptolemy VI (Philometor)
175 B.C. Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) (11:21)
169 B.C. Antiochus’ 1st campaign against Egypt (11:25)
On his return to Antioch, he plundered
the temple of much of its gold
and sacred furniture.
(I Maccabees 1:20-28, II Maccabees 5:15-21).
168 B.C. Antiochus’s 2nd campaign against Egypt during which
Rome forces him to withdraw (11:29-30).
The Jews rebel, thinking Antiochus has died during
the Egyptian campaign.  In revenge, he attacks
Jerusalem and slaughters thousands.
Later that same year, he sends a minister, Appollonius,
to further secure his power.  Appollonius burns the city,
slaughters more people, and the temple “lay desolate as
a wilderness.”
(I Maccabees 1:29-40, II Maccabees 5:5-14)
167 B.C. Antiochus issues a decree which
threatens death to all who practice
Judaism.  Burnt offerings and other sacrifices at the
temple are outlawed (11:31, and I Maccabees 1:41-53)
The Abomination of Desolation (11:31) is ereted in the
temple on December 7 (I Maccabees 1:59).
It is an altar to Zeus.
On December 17, a sacrifice is made on the pagan altar
(I Maccabees 1:59), presumably for the first time.
164 B.C. In November or early December (Bartlett 64), Antiochus
dies of a wasting disease while returning from a campaign
in Persia.
On December 14, holy sacrifice is made on the newly
built altar of burnt offering in the redidicated and cleansed
temple (I Maccabees 4:36-61).

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