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I Chronicles 11

Chapter 11

 

v. 6:  Joab went up by means of the city’s waterway (2nd Samuel 5:8).

 

Vs. 12-14:  Compare with 2nd Samuel 23:9-12.  According to Barnes, the deeds of Shammah have been compressed into those of Eleazar so that Shammah is left out of the Chronicles account here.

I believe there was only one “Three” (see notes in 2nd Samuel 23:13).  On the other hand, who knows?  There may be no hope of making sense of it since the words for “three,” “thirty,” and “captain” are so easily confused.  I believe the list is in order of prowess (and thus rank) since each individual is introduced by the phrase “…after him…”.

 

[1]Jashobeam: Chief of “The Three”

Eleazar

Shammah

 

Abishai:  Chief of “The Thirty,” but not good enough to be among “The Three”

 

Benaiah:  Highly honored among “The Thirty” but not good enough to be chief of “The Thirty” nor to be numbered among “The Three,” so David made him head of the king’s bodyguard.


[1] These are “The Three.”  The brought David water from the well at Bethlehem.

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