Larry Hunt's Bible Commentary


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I Samuel 25

Chapter 25


v. 22:  The OKJ does a fine job of preserving some colorful idioms from the original.  Here, “all that piss against the wall” (a difficult proposition for a woman) is translated “males” in other translations.  I suspect that this expression carried a derogatory tone and was used in curses such as this one.  (See also 1st Kings 14:10.)  There are a couple of other interesting points to note in this verse.  First is the OKJ translation of David’s oath.  In the OKJ, the oath says, essentially, “May God deal severely with my [David’s] enemies if I do not wipe out Nabal’s men.”  You would expect the oath to say, “May God deal severely with me [David] if I do not wipe out Nabal’s men.”  (See, for instance, 14:44 or Ruth 1:17.)  Apparently, some versions do give the expected formula, so perhaps the OKJ renders it incorrectly.  I think it is also interesting that David does not keep this oath.


v. 29:  “The bundle of the living” is a metaphor which I have not encountered elsewhere.  Perhaps it is analogous to “the book of the living.”  Another possibility is that it might refer to sling stones within a pouch.  If that is the case, I wonder if Abigail just came up with the metaphor on the spot to honor David and his legendary encounter with Goliath.  If so, she seems to use the metaphor rather carelessly since the latter part of the verse notes that God slings David’s enemies away, like stones.  Still, there is a distinction, I suppose: stones in a pouch vs. stones in a sling. 


v. 31:  I wonder if avenging yourself, rather than letting God do it, was a sin which everyone acknowledged as fairly bad.  David seems to think it worth breaking an oath to avoid once he comes to his senses.


v. 37:  Perhaps it has no reference whatsoever to Abigail’s stone from a sling metaphor in v. 29, but I cannot help noting that Nabal became “as a stone.”


v. 44:  Saul had given Michal to a fellow member of the tribe of Benjamin.


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